Six out of seven districts of Bundelkhand region (Uttar Pradesh) are already included in the list of hundred poorest districts. Several hundred poverty-related deaths, including suicides and hunger deaths, have been reported in recent years. Recent years have seen an aggravation of distress related to drought, abnormal weather conditions and heat wave deaths. Question like ‘Is Bundelkhand likely to become another Vidarbha or Kalahandi’ are being raised in the media as well as in gatherings of local people. (See Annexure one for more details on situation of distress.) Corrective measures need to be taken immediately to prevent the situation from deteriorating any further.